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BEAT: the Behavior Expression Animation Toolkit

TitleBEAT: the Behavior Expression Animation Toolkit
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsCassell, J, Vilhjálmsson, HH, Bickmore, T
Conference Name28th annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques
Conference LocationNew York, NY, USA
ISBN Number1-58113-374-X
Keywordsanimation systems, facial animation, gesture, speech synthesis

The Behavior Expression Animation Toolkit (BEAT) allows animators to input typed text that they wish to be spoken by an animated human figure, and to obtain as output appropriate and synchronized nonverbal behaviors and synthesized speech in a form that can be sent to a number of different animation systems. The nonverbal behaviors are assigned on the basis of actual linguistic and contextual analysis of the typed text, relying on rules derived from extensive research into human conversational behavior. The toolkit is extensible, so that new rules can be quickly added. It is designed to plug into larger systems that may also assign personality profiles, motion characteristics, scene constraints, or the animation styles of particular animators.