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Visual Semantics and Ontology of Eventive Verbs

TitleVisual Semantics and Ontology of Eventive Verbs
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsMa, M, Mc Kevitt, P
EditorSu, K-Y, Tsujii, J’ichi, Lee, J-H, Kwong, O
Book TitleNatural Language Processing – IJCNLP 2004
Series TitleLecture Notes in Computer Science
CityBerlin / Heidelberg

Various English verb classifications have been analyzed in terms of their syntactic and semantic properties, and conceptual components, such as syntactic valency, lexical semantics, and semantic/syntactic correlations. Here the visual semantics of verbs, particularly their visual roles, somatotopic effectors, and level-of-detail, is studied. We introduce the notion of visual valency and use it as a primary criterion to recategorize eventive verbs for language visualization (animation) in our intelligent multimodal storytelling system, CONFUCIUS. The visual valency approach is a framework for modelling deeper semantics of verbs. In our ontological system we consider both language and visual modalities since CONFUCIUS is a multimodal system.