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Evaluating DBMS-based Access Strategies to Very Large Multi-layer Corpora

TitleEvaluating DBMS-based Access Strategies to Very Large Multi-layer Corpora
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsSchneider R
Conference NameLREC 2012 Workshop: Challenges in the management of large corpora
PublisherEuropean Language Resources Association (ELRA)
Conference LocationIstanbul, Turkey

Linguistic query systems are special purpose IR applications. As text sizes, annotation layers, and metadata schemes of language corpora grow rapidly, performing complex searches becomes a highly computational expensive task. We evaluate several storage models and indexing variants in two multi-processor/multi-core environments, focusing on prototypical linguistic querying scenarios. Our aim is to reveal modeling and querying tendencies – rather than absolute benchmark results – when using a relational database management system (RDBMS) and MapReduce for natural language corpus retrieval. Based on these findings, we are going to improve our approach for the efficient exploitation of very large corpora, combining advantages of state-of-the-art
database systems with decomposition/parallelization strategies. Our reference implementation uses the German DeReKo reference corpus with currently more than 4 billion word forms, various multi-layer linguistic annotations, and several types of text-specific metadata. The proposed strategy is language-independent and adaptable to large-scale multilingual corpora.